Miscellaneous

 
Miscellaneous
Kolkasrags (Cape Kolka)
Kolka is the farthest North point of Kurzeme peninsula and Kolkasrags (Cape Kolka) is the most pronounced land horn at the coast line of Latvia. This is the place where the meeting of the waves of two seas, i.e. the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Riga, can be seen. The horn extends as a shallow under water for 6 km. At the end of the shallow, on an artificial island there is Kolka lighthouse. The sea around Kolkasrags is the place of loss of numerous ships.

The name of Kolkasrags (Domesnes) can be first seen recorded (1040) engraved in Mērvala rune stone in Sweden.

There is a unique opportunity to sea both sunrise and sunset in the sea at the same place. During the spring migration this is an important collection and rest point for migrating birds passing by.
Koordinātas:
57.75847126089579
22.604478742236324
Address:
Kolkasrags, Kolka, Kolkas pag., Dundagas nov., LV-3275
Telephone:
+371 29149105
E-mail:
kolkacape@inbox.lv
Kolkasrags pine-tree trail
The trail is 1.2 km long and it is located on the coast of the Baltic Sea to the West from Kolkasrags.

Following the trail to the sea, we first have to cross the seaside dunes in forest, then grey and finally white dunes. The branching pine-trees with low set branches are deeply covered in sand. Their trunks were revealed after the storm of 2005 when the pre-dune was washed away and a steep coast with the height of 1-3 m got established there.

The revealed pine trees were not taken away because the fallen trees strengthen the pre-dune and contribute to the nature diversity.

The old trees are the habitat for lichen, bugs and fungus, the existence of which cannot be provided for by younger trees. When you look carefully you will see an ant-lion (Myrmeleon formicarius).

Learn more about Slītere National Park: http://slitere.lv
Koordinātas:
57.75645675260883
22.59143077957151
Telephone:
+371 28385025
Šlītere nature trail
The trail is 1.2 km long and is located in the oldest protected part of Slītere National Park (since 1921) which was not accessible to tourists for a long time. Protected European biotopes characteristic for this place can be seen here: forests of the ancient coastline, groundwater discharges rich in minerals, bogs, wet forests of broad-leave trees.

Learn more about Slītere National Park: http://slitere.lv
Šlītere nature trail. Photo: Ainars Gaidis
Koordinātas:
57.62881192766432
22.289117657147244
Telephone:
+371 28385025
Pēterezers nature trail
The trail extending for 3.4 km leads through a globally unique nature structure that cannot be found elsewhere in the world - a system of dunes and depressions between dunes. The dunes are located parallel to the sea.

Dunes and depressions were formed 9000 years ago when the Baltic Sea was emerging here. During ancient times almost each dune and depression had its own name that are known by just few nowadays. The peculiar names (Vīškangars, Kusperlankviga) originate from the Liiv language.

Pēterezers lake depression is richest from the point of view of biologic diversity, this is the habitat for rare species of plants and animals. The coast of the ancient sea — Stiebrukalns — is the highest dune.

The trail crosses the former route of the narrow railway, which is one of the longest and highest dunes, the depression of Stiebrukalni and Pīļu pond. Mazbānītis [the little train] was in operation here until 1962 and this was an important local means of traffic connecting Dundaga and coastline villages with Ventspils and Talsi.

A peculiar landscape is made by grass bogs, rivers, small lakes and diverse plants. In springs and autumns the depressions turn into long seasonal lakes that are difficult to cross.

Learn more about Slītere National Park: http://slitere.lv
Pēterezers nature trail. Photo: Ainars Gaidis
Koordinātas:
57.65490731407679
22.269887562866188
Telephone:
+371 28385025
Website:
Ēvaži nature trail and steep coast
When you go along Rīga - Kolka highway (P 131), at Ēvaži and the border of Slītere National Park it is possible to seen one of the rate steep coasts of the Gulf of Riga. Its height over the section between Uši and Aizklāņi is 8-15 m. From the parking lot to the steep coast there is a 300 m long nature trail.

Learn more about Slītere National Park: http://slitere.lv
Koordinātas:
57.67769414863571
22.56848716365812
Telephone:
+371 28385025
Kaļķupe river valley and Puiškalns hill
Kaļķupe river valley is located half-way from Dundaga to Ģipka and on the top of it there is one of the most majestic castle mounds in the Northern Kurzeme - Puiškalns hill.

In the work about the Latvian archeology, in the book «Necrolivonica» its author, prof. Frīdrihs Krūze has also included a drawing of a 36 cm tall stone sculpture with an explanation that this is the «Puiškalns stone image». The stone was no longer located at its initial place at that time, it had been moved to the arms' room at Dundaga Castle. In 1866 this image was described by Jelgava painter and historian Jūliuss Dērings, who also mentioned that a copper bowl, a stone axe and a stone pot was found at Puiškalns hill.

The first explanation behind the origin of the name of Puiškalns hill is related to the above mentioned stone image referred to as a «puisis» [a boy].

The castle mound was constructed on a 20 m high place on the land horn between the steep valleys of the Kaļķupe river and the Mazupe river. The area of the castle mound is stretched, with the area of 30 x 80 m, with a well pronounced occupation layer.

It is not possible to provide an accurate reference date for Puiškalns hill yet because no archaeology excavations were done there.
Liepniekvalks (Peldanga) caves
In the sandstone outcrop on the banks of the Liepniekvalks river springs have eroded a maze of caves and underground passages atypical for the territory of Latvia. The revealed area is approximately 5 m high and 20 m wide and it is formed of Devon, Arukila and Burtnieki line grey sandstone. This is a complicated system of narrow underground caves with five entrances. The total length of the caves reaches 70 m and this is among the longest labyrinths of caves in Latvia. It is formed by one bigger and two smaller rooms with branches that are mutually connected by tunnels. Several pillars and sand stone poles have got formed in the cave.

After filling up the caves were revealed, however they can only be seen from outside because further paths are filled with sand.

The 10th km of the road Dundaga–Ģibzde.
Liepniekvalks (Peldanga) caves. Photo: Ainars Gaidis
Rīgzemju secular oak-tree
The second biggest secular oak-tree in the Baltics. Its perimeter at the chest height is 9.2 m. The tree has a huge stem of routes rising at the height of almost 2 m, the trunk is covered with big knots. A long time ago a lightning has damaged the top of the tree, this is why its height is only 16.5 m (the projection of its crown is 19 x 24 m).
Zeltapse (Upsīši) secular stone
The secular stone is located at a distance of 1.6 km from the slope of the Šlītere Zilie kalni [Blue Hills] and 500 m from Upīši farmstead in a birch forest. Its perimeter is 16.4 m, lenght is 5.9 m, width is 4.0 m, height is 3.0 m and its volume is 30 m³.

In the 1980-ies a discussion emerged regarding the specific location of the stone (on supporting stones) and the signs engraved in the stone. Some researchers consider these signs to be rune and this is why the stone is referred to as a rune stone. The theory of the geologist R. Knaps that this is a sea stone of Lithorina period pushed by ice upon smaller coast stones seems to be most accurate.
Akmeņkalni Devils Foot secular stone
The height of the stone is 3.3 m, the length is 5.7 m, the width is 7 m, the perimeter is 17.3 m and the volume is 40 m³, it is of light grey colour with blinking black lines.

It is considered to be a cult stone because several deeper spots can be seen on its surface, the so referred devil foot. It has been under the state protection since 1925. The secular stone has split (has been split) in several pieces.
Āži steep stone
Eventually – an ancient border sign of kurši and Liivs.
Located not far away from Dundaga – Vīdale road branch to Neveja.
Dūmele secular stone
A secular stone located not far from «Ziedkalni» holiday house and Ragavsvalks.
 
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